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【雅思】小作文必备词汇清单

2019-03-19 18:30

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作者:小编

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雅思小作文在整个作文单项中得分占比不算高,但这也不表示大家就可以轻视它,因为可能你自己都没有注意到自己在描述数据时使用的词汇有多不规范。换句话说,这么简单的题目,你不精准得高分,对得起自己辛辛苦苦练习的这么多篇作文么!

  今天,小编为大家推荐一篇文章,看完这篇文章,你就能掌握雅思小作文的基本用于与写法。当然,好成绩还是要靠自己勤奋做题训练,那么我们开始吧!

 引言

  以前写过一个小作文的不常见表达汇总:“小作文高分冷门词”,却一直没有写小作文最基础的词汇替换。这样的总结已经非常多,总感觉自己画蛇添足。

  不过,逐渐发现,还是存在部分的烤鸭,基础词汇有些薄弱,或者部分学霸,词汇量太丰富之后,喜欢乱用,甚至错用。所以思前想后,还是做一个汇总贴,方便大家查找。

  我也从权威例句中不厌其烦地找到绝对可以适用于小作文地场景,保证其准确性。为了节约篇幅,没有加上每个例句的中文翻译。

  大家需要的知道每个例句的中文的话,可以直接全文复制,然后翻译。微信自带翻译功能,是目前我试过地所有机器翻译中最靠谱的(当然,人工永远是最精准的。)

  今天的正文有三个部分,词汇替换汇总,例句示范和常见使用注意事项。再次强调,今天选取的替换不是全部的可能性,而是最常用,最实用,最万用的表达。

  基础词汇

  图表:chart/ graph/ diagram

  呈现:show/ illustrate/ present/ describes/ indicate/ give information on/ present information about/ demonstrate

  数量:number/ amount/ quantity

  数据:figure/ data/ statistics

  百分比:percentage/ proportion/ rate

  比率:ratio (of A to B)

  占:account for/ represent/ make up/ comprise/ constitute

  排名:rank

  最多:the most/ greatest/ largest/ biggest/ maximum/ majority

  最少:the least/ smallest/ minimum/ minority

  大约:about/ around/ approximately/ nearly/ just under/ just over/ roughly/ almost

  区间段:period/ time span/ decade/ score years

  总和:amount to/ total/ add up to/ number

  上升:rise/ increase/ go up/ grow/ jump/ surge/ shoot up/ rocket/ climb/ upsurge (n.) / soar/ leap

  下降:drop/ decrease/ go down/ decline/ fall/ sink/ dip/ plunge/ plummet/ slump

  波动:fluctuate/ be unstable

  不变: remain constant / stay unchanged / remain stable/ reach a plateau/ level off/ stabilize

  达到:reach

  在:stand at

  超越:outnumber/ exceed/ surpass/ overtake

  剧烈:dramatically/ sharply/ significantly/ considerably / substantially / noticeably/ markedly

  迅速:abruptly/ rapidly

  轻微:slightly/ marginally/ fractionally

  逐渐:moderately / gradually/ progressively/ steadily

  顶点:reach a peak of/ peak at/ reach the highest level  

  低谷:reach bottom/ reach the lowest point/ hit a low of/ bottom out at

  反弹:rebound/ rally/ bounce back

用法示范

  Figures released indicate a 2% increase in unemployment in the south east.

  Across the country this year's pass rate soared to 96 per cent - the 22nd annual rise in a row.

  Female workers constitute the majority of the labor force.

  Older people comprise a larger proportion of those living poverty.

  Only a small minority of students is/ are interested in politics these days.

  Car production in the USA amounted to around 250,000 vehicles in the first half of 2015.

  The amount of coal used in Australia doubled throughout the whole period.

  The number of cars produced in Japan totaled around 9 million last year.

  Last year, cinema ticket sales in China added up to $6.6 billion.

  The number of cars produced in Japan last year stood at around 9 million, outnumbering the USA (7 million).

  Car production in Japan numbered around 9 million units last year.

  London to Manchester fell from 5 days to one day in the same time span.

  The population figures for India rose by 12% over the two decades.

  The month of June has seen a big upsurge in visitors to the area.

  Prices have shot up to $40 a barrel and are set to rise further.

  The figure for CO2 emissions in The UK dipped slightly by the end of the 30 year period.

  The data for unemployment dropped to 5% in 2015.

  By graduation in May, 77 percent of the class had job offers; three months later the figure reached 87 percent.

It now stands at 5.07 million and is forecast to fall below five million by the end of the decade.

  Today, the price has sunk below 750 euros per barrel.

  Some experts are warning that prices could slump by up to 30%.

  Quarterly revenues have stabilized within the range of $700 million.

  Production costs have exceeded £60,000.

  Ticket sales have already surpassed the 100,000 milestone.

  Germany rapidly overtook Britainin industrial output.

  Inflation is predicted to drop marginally.

  The economic inflation of the country increased sharply by 20% in 2008.

  The population of these two cities rose significantly in the last two decades and it is expected that it will remain stable during the next 5 years.

  There was an abrupt fall in our sales figures following the bad publicity.

  The country's economic growth is forecast to recover moderately to 3.0% this year.

  Prices have risen steadily.

  Unemployment has fallen again, although the change is less marked than last month.

  Membership has risen but only fractionally compared with the increase in the number of new employees.

  The growth is most noticeable during the first two years.

  The number of viewers reached a peak of 3.8 million/ peaked at 3.8 million in May.

  Carbon dioxide reached its highest level in recorded history last month, at 410 parts per million.

  Asking and effective rental rates may decline another 10% before they reach bottom sometime in 2011.

  Stocks hita year low of 36 cents earlier that day.

  People's lives have improved, and unemployment is bottoming out at about 4%.

  Worldwide semiconductor sales increased 1.4 percent this year, rebounding from a one-third decline last year.

  After falling to an all-time low of 8p ashare, the price has rallied over the past month.

  The savings rate has already started to bounce back and is sure to rise further.

注意事项

  不合适的表达:ascend/ descend/ raise。前面两个都是坡度的升降,最后一个是提升,而不是数据的上升。

  表示下降的时候,reduce 其实也不常见,如果一定要使用,请用被动的形式,并且句子本身要有裁减缩减的意思,比如:The number of employees was reduced from 40 to 25.

  常见介词搭配,有些不规律,比如:figure for/ data for.

  描述数据变化的时候,不是每次都要 to,比如 reach 就直接加上数据即可。

  很多描述变化的动词,本身就自带程度,比如 surge 激增,plunge 骤降,所以,可以不搭配副词修饰,或者搭配相应程度的副词表示强调和突出。但是,不能搭配反义程度的副词,比如 plunge slightly,会显得不伦不类。

  很多表示变化的词汇,动词名词同形,比如 increase/ rise/ fall等,有些则需要变化 grow → growth,有些 soar 只有动词,有些 upsurge 只有名词。使用地时候需要辨析清楚。

  所有的类别都无需掌握全部替换,毕竟考试实用主义来讲,每个类别知道 3 个左右足矣。即便出现了第 4 次的同样表达,我们适当重复,无伤大雅。

  上面的列表绝不是很完全的,但是,如果你所“被教”的词汇,并没有出现在我的列表中,或许使用的场景不如我所给出的那么常见。

  上面的词我是一个个确保查到词典例句,那些你所知道的“难词”,也记得要不厌其烦地查一下词典哦,确保使用准确性。

更多雅思英语学习资料,可以打开我们【沈阳新东方】沈阳新东方欢迎各位同学家长的浏览和学习。

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